| Code: 108265 |

TIN news:   The UK P&I Club has been recently advised of the strengthening approach of South African Authorities towards stowaways following a recent increase in the number of stowaway attempts in Durban.
Stowaways’ attacks have increased significantly over the last two months. The South African Authorities have made it abundantly clear and they will not change their attitude and therefore the ship must combat unlawful individuals boarding the ship.
The current ruling in South Africa is as follows:
Should any unlawful person gain access onto a ship in a South African port, the person will automatically be deemed to be a stowaway unless the vessel can provide photographic, video or 3rd party evidence (terminal security) that the stowaway attempted to board the vessel in Durban. The ship owner will be liable for the full costs of repatriating the stowaway. It is essential therefore that the stowaway does not gain access onto the ship in any way. We are now approaching Christmas and we believe that the rise in stowaway cases will increase as individuals look for free passage home.
Ship owners are battling in the current economic conditions and do not wish to use private security and rely on the crew to police the ship. Stowaway attacks occur as follows:
Late at night or early hours of the morning
Clothing easily blends-in with Stevedore Gangs wearing stevedore clothing hardhats and reflective jackets.
Colours not easily seen at night
Generally climb up berthing ropes, gangways and hide in empty containers and log-ships
Many personnel working on vessel enables stowaway to blend in
They bribe terminal security to enable them to get aboard vessel
Carry provisions for part of the journey
Recommended measures
The owner should try and employ private security to patrol the quayside. One security guard should be positioned on the forward mooring lines and one on the stern lines. Security on board is ineffective as the guards tend to fall asleep on board.
Ideally a crew member must stand at the bottom of the gangway and check that every person boarding the vessel is in possession of a TNPA port permit.
They must not allow anyone on board the ship who does not have a port permit.
Every visitor should have ISPS clearance.
All visitors should surrender their port permit to security and they should collect the same when they leave the ship.
If anyone does not have a port permit, they must call the terminal/berth security in order to identify the individual and ascertain who is the individual and why does the individual not have a TNPA port permit. The visitor should be in possession of photographic identification.
They must not allow any individuals to push past them on the gangway. 
Where possible raise the gangway and only lower it and allow the visitor on board after a crew member has got to the bottom of the gangway and verified who the visitor is as outlined above.

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